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What was LostMVC - Codru - Web Framework
Andrei Clinciu Article AUthor
Andrei Clinciu
  • 2017-05-07T08:06:00Z
  • 7 min to read

LostMVC was a project I've worked on in my spare time between 2014 and 2016.
It's essentialy a web framework built from scratch using Tcl and the NX/NSF Next Scripting Framework https://next-scripting.org/xowiki/
built and optimized specially for NaviServer.

NSF and NX

To understand the full potential of LostMVC and Codru we first have to analyze the Next Scripting Framework for which I've written more on a different page.


NaviServer has a long history, longer than Apache's history. NaviServer was built by NaviSoft way back in 1993, acquired by AOL in 1995

It combines everything a modern wbeserver needs with builtin functions. It's support for Tcl as the per defautl programming language.
Although one could easily add PHP.
One of it's cool features is a pooled database connection system which maintains a pool of connections for your prefered database.
Data Share between threads via protected variables and caches. Threads are isolated with each it's own unique Tcl interpreter so no threading issues here.
And many more things...

LostMVC - Codru core features

MVC Structure


Modules holding Models, vieews, controllers

Validation on server and on client side

Write once use everywhere.. Simple Model validation on client side and also automatically done on server side.
Easy integrated flash messages for errors on forms.


Pre and Post action functions that run automatically.


Thanks to the HTML generation most of the view functions are simplified.
FORM generation
Gridview and Listview modules supporting: pagination, sorting, searching, caching, model integration

Code Generation

You write SQL then the code generator creates your Model upon which you can use as input so the project build a full controller with views.


SQL Mapping

Something similar to Active Record

RBAC Role Based Authorization Control

Any good web framework needs a RBAC system.
A great framework has a interface for it.

Authorization could be controled using basic roles.
A role item can be a parent or a child. Users can have roles assigened to them.
Different roles based on the controller/module.

Guest roles, authenticated roles, and of course super admin roles are already provided by default.

Sub roles

Included Authorization and Authentication

Included Authorization and Authentication.
Register and Login pages that where fully extensible.
Security settings which included

  • Login limiting and protection
  • Password recovery limiting
  • Registration protection system


HTML and Javascript


HTML generation

Simple generation of HTML without having to write HTML.
Links, lists, alerts, tables, forms,labels, inputs, jumbotron, breadcrumbs, checkboxes, radioboxes, dropdowns.
Navigation and menu generation, panels, tabs, modals, tooltips, carousel and image galleries etc..
Font awesome integration.
Automatic pagination
HTML/CSS/JS plugins integration. Automatic style/link insertion in the page based on the functions you used.

Form generation based on the specific needs.

HTML/CSS/JS plugins

Integrated plugins which can be easily used. Automatic javascript includer ONLY if the feature is used on a page.
Caching and JS lazy loading included!

  • datetimepicker
  • datepicker
  • editable text (clickable text that becomes editable)
  • select2
  • prettycheckboxes
  • bootstrap toggle
  • ckeditor
  • markdown
  • Image Gallery
  • HubSpot messenger
  • Highcharts
  • Contextmenu
  • Slider
  • Countdown
  • lazy loader
  • Bootstrap wizard
  • jsPDF PDF generation
  • Syntax highlighter for code
  • fileinput
  • rating stars
  • Drag and drop


Since naviserver nor tcl provided a session management system like the one in PHP I had to copy and implement my own session management system.
It worked in flat files but could easily have been extended to memory or database.


Powerful caching. Half of the work was done by the Naviserver internals API.
Caching SQL queries, portions of pages, or full pages. Options to cache in memory and/or as a file on disk.
Fastpath caching of CSS/JS files that are cached in RAM and are handled by different threads/processes.
This really speeds up everything.

Multi Language support and detection

Built in support for multi language support using msgcat (tcl package).
Detecting favourite language could be tweaked for each app based on a succession of the following:
OS/Browser language, Location, Cookie/session
Default fallback to specified language user based configuration.

Huge uploads

NaviServer can be tweaked for anything. So I tweaked it to allow uploads of huge files.
This meant even if your ram was limited (say 1 GB) you can still upload a 10 GB file without any issue.

Recycle Bin

The known issue of UI/UX "Are you sure you want to delete this?"
I've built a Recycle Bin special table which keeps all deleted data from models.
THis way a undo can easily be done at anytime without the end user even noticing anything.

When deleting anything via the built in controller you can easily undo any "accidental" deletion.

All the developer has to do is show the user a link to it. Or create a page of recently deleted items.
A daily script can be used to delete things that haven't been recovered.

Command line management

Simple commandline code generation and management. (see tcl/installer.tcl)


Tags are powerful. Builtin tags are even more powerful. This way you can tag anything.

Mail integration

Since naviserver didn't have a php mail function I needed to use SMTP services for mail sending.
So if I needed to implement SMTP then why not integrate services like mandril?

Builtin Profile and User management

User registration and management was not an afterthought it was the basic need for any system.
User creation, login, password management, forgotten password, e-mail activation.
Login attempts and reset attempts limiting by blocking the user temporarily.

What do you do when you need to add another user field to the database?
Do you modify the whole database? I sure hope not.
NO, you just use a few special tables and a good crafted script. This way you can add as many fields as you want anytime
Without negative impact to the overal working of the system.
I've built a system for admins of websites to be able to add profiles for users on the fly without any code.
This way if your app needs information about a user's birthdate or favourite food you don't need to modify the whole system.

Self installer

There was no yum install, nor any apt-get install for anything except Tcl.
So I had to manually (cross)compile everything myself.
This included Naviserver, the Next Scripting Framework
and all of the extra modules nsdbi, nsdbilite, nsdbipg.

Also manual setup of postgresql and the whole system.
This cumbersome work was needed for every naviserver installation.
Since i didn't like to clone VPSes i needed to do it every time.

i eventually built a self contained script using tclkit and cookit that does the installation and configuration for me.
This includes downloading, compiling and setting up the services necesary.
Not to mention each step could be configured by the user while installing or a fully unattended install.

Projects I've built using LostMVC.

Please note that none of these are available anymore.
The project has been abandoned and so have the projects built with LostMVC.
Some of them have been rewritten, others have also been abandoned:
Read more here The LostMVC project is officialy abandoned - Reasons and what I've learned

E-Commerce Online Shop Platform

I've started working on a E-Commerce Shop Platform for LostMVC. A fair amount of work had been done and it had features of world renowned shops.

Blog and Content Management System (CMS)

One thing that bothered me is that there are great frameworks out there but no builtin CMS/Blogging system for them.
I mean evena basic one would suffice. I know you're supposed to build one yourself.
So I did build a basic Blog/CMS system that used tinymce.
It supported tags, comments and posts.


Every Second Matters - A time tracking application

A simple time tracking application which I've built to track time on projects and tasks.
Works great with tags

Personal GoldBag

Personal finance manager which can give you a clear overview of expenses.
Uses highcharts.js for the drawing of charts.


Not online anymore
But you ca view a temporary snapshot from the wayback machine.
Note that the wayback machine didn't manage to create a snapshot of the CSS/images due to a specific trick I used to avoid leeching of CSS/images.

LifeBeyondApocalypse.net -

This is a PBBG (Persistent Browser Based Game) I've developed in the past.
The first version was for a Websh Apache Module. It was developed between 2007 and 2008 before I went to college.
The second version was for the Codru LostMVC web framework that I had developed between 2014-2015.
I;m currently working on an Elixir version for the purpose of learning OTP.

United brain Power - Website

A snapshot of it can be found here:

Open Source

Yeah, I've always considered once I open source something then it's open for everyone to see and judge.
And I didn't want to pollute the open world with my coding learning mistakes.
But after reading other people's code I now think that NO ONe should publish any code unless a team of highly esteemed programmers reviews it.

But if you're interested in the source code, you can find a ZIP of it all right here.
I've used fossil as the SCM.

A bundle containing the E-Commerce, Blog / CMS and the 3 projects , Every Second Matters, Personal Goldbag

If you compile naviserver with the prequisitories and then install LostMVC/Codru you can then copy the projects and view them

Maybe one day, for historical purpose i might install a Virttual Machine one more time to showcase what LostMVC codru framework was all about
Maybe even make a small video of the usage of the projects & convert it to a GIF.

Someday? Call me maybe?

Oh, just before you download it, I'd like an e-mail address :D You know, so I know who My audience is.
I wouldn't want old pops to download it thinking it's some kind of old relicv...


Building and maintaining such a huge project taught me many valuable lessons in programming, devops, linux management etc.
Would I build such a framework again? No. I'd use a robust and powerful framework like Phoenix instead.

Ideas and comments

Andrei Clinciu
Andrei Clinciu

I'm a Full Stack Software Developer specializing in creating websites and applications which aid businesses to automate. Software which can help you simplify your life. Let's work together!

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